River Corner Church

Resurrection Sunday: Death is Disabled (Mark 16:1-8)

April 09, 2023 Jeff McLain
River Corner Church
Resurrection Sunday: Death is Disabled (Mark 16:1-8)
Show Notes Transcript

As we remember Jesus' resurrection story, on Easter Sunday (April 9, 2023), Pastor Jeff McLain preached from Mark 16:1-8, and we looked at what it means for us to know death is disabled.

River Corner Church is a growing church community of everyday people who gather to worship God, follow Jesus, and journey through life together. We gather on Sunday mornings, at 10:00 AM, at 524 River Corner Road in Conestoga, Pennsylvania. Learn more about our growing church community online through our website (www.rivercornerchurch.com) or our Facebook (www.facebook.com/RiverCornerChurch).

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At Easter we celebrate Jesus, who as C.S. Lewis said Jesus was and is God and “God has landed on this enemy-occupied world in a human form” and he came in that way to teach humanity, suffer for humanity, and be killed by humanity.[1] This is certainly the chief point of the Easter story, but as Lewis said, even more it is the realization that “Christ’s death has…put us right with God and given us a fresh start."[2] In this way, we celebrate that Jesus has “disabled death itself,” and came to give us relationship with himself.[3]

That restored relationship with God is the point of Easter or Resurrection Sunday. What we celebrate at Easter is not only the promise of eternal life, but the ongoing and never-ending relationship with God. There is a way back to the goodness and good news of God.

Nikki Gumbel, founder of the Alpha Course, remarks that is at Easter that we remember and remind ourselves that “you and I were created to live in relationship with God [and] until we find that relationship, there will always be something missing in our lives.”[4] In this way, Nikki remarks, Easter is the central message of Christianity, and therefore “Christianity is first and foremost about relationships rather than rules. It is about a person more than a philosophy. It is about the most important relationship of all – our relationship with the God who made us.”[5] But it doesn’t stop there. It was Jesus, the one we celebrate at Easter, that said the “first and greatest commandment is to love God [but] the second is to love our neighbor. So, [this resurrected life] is also about our relationships with other people.”[6] This morning we remember that we are now living the resurrected story, and that the story of Jesus’ resurrection has changed our future, it’s changed our relationship with God, and as a result has rewritten the meaning of our relationships with others.

         This Easter morning we come to the climax of the life and ministry of Jesus. Themes of Jesus’ death and resurrection of Jesus fill the Pauline letters. The death and resurrection of Jesus has captivated theologians, minds, and followers of Jesus for centuries. The death and resurrection of Jesus are some of the most significant stories and moments in all of humanity.

         This morning we are going to look at Mark 16:1-8. In Mark 16:1-8, we find the story of Jesus as he overcomes the grips and the seemingly absoluteness of death. In this passage, we find the eternal hope for all mankind. I invite you to follow along with me – in your Bible or on your phone - as we read from Mark 16:1-20 in the New International Version.

When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go to anoint Jesus’ body. Very early on the first day of the week, just after sunrise, they were on their way to the tomb and they asked each other, “Who will roll the stone away from the entrance of the tomb?”

But when they looked up, they saw that the stone, which was very large, had been rolled away.As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed.

“Don’t be alarmed,” he said. “You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. But go, tell his disciples and Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.’”

Trembling and bewildered, the women went out and fled from the tomb. They said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid.


Throughout his ministry, Mark shows how Jesus was hinting at the journey that lay ahead. He told his followers that a time was coming that he wouldn’t be with them, and to “watch out that no one deceives you.”[7] In advance, he even shared with them that his “gospel must…be preached to all nations.”[8] He promises that he will come back, and that they and all that follow should “be on guard! Be alert! You do not know when that time will come.”[9] It seems Jesus began to ramp up his teachings, right as “the chief priests and the teachers of the law were scheming to arrest Jesus secretly and kill him.”[10] Jesus even goes on to reinterpret an age-old Passover practice – perhaps the Seder meal – in light of what his death would mean, giving us the practice we call the Lord’s Table. The disciples understood Jesus to mean that tough times were coming, but they promised their loyalty, they were ride or die, as people often say. It was shortly after this the undeniable King of Peace that we looked at last week was arrested with swords and clubs.[11] It was a whirlwind of a week, as suddenly the one they loved and hung their hopes on, was now seen hanging on the bloodiest form of capital punishment that Rome had. 

Jewish funerals took place instantly, and bodies were buried right away. Though they believed the Spirit stuck around for three days, the looked to bury them quickly. Dead bodies were not only unclean to touch, but they also did not embalm in the way that modern funeral homes do now. At this time, “bodies were normally anointed with oil (then rinsed with water) before burial.” [12]  They were merely symbolically cleansed, and then anointed if you will. It helped with the smell and death visual only slightly and was more an act of honor and symbolism than it was an act embalming. From what I can find, spices were often used, but not always. [13] In fact, it probably was only special persons who would have spices, an honor of great expense. [14] This means it was more common for someone like Herod or a member of the Herodian Dynasty to receive spices than a common person.[15] Though, Jesus lived as a common person, he was not common individual, and he was cared for by many.

Following the proper washing and cleaning, the deceased body would have been clothed, not like a mummy, but wrapped with a shroud or white robe, that was modeled after the priestly garments that were worn in the temple.[16] This practice is notable, because this practice was a practice of the rabbis that reminded us, “in death we are all equal, regardless of our station life.”[17] This is also why no shoes was placed on a body, because there was no difference between those who were buried rich and those who were buried poor.[18] Though, we know through the story of Jesus, the rabbis didn’t always keep such a humility in their life and ministry, and it should be a reminder that in some areas of our life we can be completely off-course, proud and with wrong actions, and in other areas be humble and acting with right action and intention. The body was laid down to be returned to dust, just as the scriptures say, “You are dust, and you will return to dust.”[19] Even in Jewish funerals today, a simple coffin is used, and Psalm 103:14 is recited, “For he [Adonai] understands how we are made, he remembers that we are dust.”[20]

Sabbath or Shabbat lasts from sundown Friday evening to sundown Saturday. During this time, no one did anything. Jewish days started their days on the evening of the day before, because in the creation story night came first. In Genesis 1:4, the scriptures read, “God saw that the light was good…So there was evening, and there was morning, one day.”[21] Evening and morning together, equals one day. So, take note, Jesus lay in the grave on the day of rest or Shabbat, but on the first day of the work, he shows up. Jesus comes back to life on the day that we celebrate God created and made new life come forth. Jesus himself, kept Shabbat, and then new life sprung forth. In this story, the women kept Shabbat too, and waited to the evening to do business in what time they had left.

These women left early in the morning of the next day. The scriptures say they left during sunrise. They don’t realize it yet, that they were about to find that the son, God’s son, had indeed risen. The fact that they left on sunrise, means they left on Sunday morning. This means they probably left around 5:30 a.m. in the morning.[22] I suspect that their grief and mourning had prevented them from sleeping well and waking up so early wasn’t that hard for them. I am sure that they tossed and turned and longed to visit his graveside. Additionally, they knew and reflected on how Jesus would not have been able to be buried with great care, or intentionality, because they buried him at sundown, around, 6:00 p.m., and hurried to get his body in the tomb just before Sabbath had begun. In this story, as soon as they can, we find them longing to carry out more intentionality in burying and honoring the life of their friend. 

In this story, the women are bringing spices that they shopped for. It is hard to say how these women afforded these spices, and they could have been as much as 100-pounds. We know from John’s narrative that some funeral spices – a mixture of aloes and myrrh which were about seventy-five pounds in weight – were supplied by Nicodemus after the death of Jesus.[23] Our friend Nicodemus gets very little attention in the scriptures, and we never know for sure if he commits to following Jesus, but we do know he engages Jesus at night and then purchases spices for him at his death. Nicodemus was obviously a man of means and that he saw Jesus as a very special person to supply such an expensive honor for. It may have been that he helped to acquire these very spices that these women were carrying. Either way, it seems the faith of the women is bolder than the disciples, as they enter the city to purchase the spaces – though perhaps they did so still somewhat carefully and quietly. 

In this era, men could only help ready men for burial, but women could help ready men or women for burial.[24] I suspect that these women came with great sorrow, low on sleep, fond memories, and the honor to care for their friend while the rest of the disciples seem crippled by their fear. Or perhaps, they were keeping his body freshened, because they had a faint hope based on a deeper understanding of what Jesus could do after raising their friend Lazarus. Though, I am moresure that the bloody and violent scene they saw play out in front of them during the crucifixion of Jesus, dashed any hope for resurrection. Rather, I suspect they expected to encounter a bleak situation. Spices would certainly immediately reduce the stench of rapid decomposition in the hot Mediterranean days, but even then, after one day and two nights, the women could expect that the body would already stink. Seemingly, with as much abuse his body endured, Jesus would have well been beyond recognition and easily into the stages of decomposition. Though, let’s assume because Jerusalem is over two thousand feet above sea level and is cool enough in April, or the Jewish month of Nisan, that in a sealed cold, rocky tomb, the body would have still been somewhat approachable.[25]

From the moment they leave their homes, their worries are of self-absorption. Their grief and mourning have distracted them. The concern that fills their conversation in the cold, morning air, is one of their inadequacies. They are worried about their inability to move the stone that was now sealing the guard. How will we move it? They asked themselves. Some suggest a burial stone like this would have weight a ton or more.[26] Some suspect it weight over two tons.[27]  The disk-shaped stone was shaped and rolled in a track or groove across the entrance to a cave tomb.[28] It would take several strong men to roll it shut or to roll it back.[29] They couldn’t just go around and ask people to help them, because that sounds weird; and remember Jesus was now a despised not honored person; also bodies were unclean; and I am told traditionally that tombs were normally opened only for the secondary burial of bones a year later for other deceased family members to be buried there.[30] To open a grave so soon was just not right or allowed. 

Far too often, we are self-absorbed. Our grief and mourning, or our fear and anxiety, or our hurt and angry, or our shame and guilt, distract us. Our conversation with others becomes nothing more than us bleeding on others, as we talk their ears off about our problems, and our insecurities. We become blinded to reality, we can’t hold on to the bigger picture, we ignore others, because we are simply concerned with ourselves. When we are self-absorbed, we look down, we don’t look out, back, in, up or ahead. They forgot that Jesus once taught them, “For truly I tell you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you.”[31] They looked down, not out, back, in, up or ahead. Their brains were in fight, flight or freeze moment. Rest, Sabbath, is important. It gives us to time to put life in perspective. 

Everything changed when they took one action, “they looked up.”[32] It was there they saw the sign. It was there that they saw the huge stone had already been rolled away. They looked up, the stone was rolled away, and inside was a heavenly host or heavenly messenger who gave them the unbelievable and miraculous news that Jesus had risen from the dead.[33] In fact, in the story the messenger already knew what they were looking for. They didn’t have to explain themselves. Even though you may be self-absorbed with a problem right now, even know you might be struggling to look up, know that God does know your problems and he knows what you need and seek. Jesus taught his followers, “Your Father knows what you need before you ask him.”[34] We see here that God the Father, the hosts of heaven even, knew what they needed. They needed Jesus, but their good news was that he was risen.

Theologian William Barclay remarks, “One thing is certain—if Jesus had not risen from the dead, we would never have heard of him. The attitude of the women was that they had come to pay the last tribute to a dead body…By far the best proof of the resurrection is the existence of the Christian Church. Nothing else could have changed sad and despairing men and women into people radiant with joy and aflame with courage.”[35] Jesus was found to be risen. It transforms them. It transforms history. Jesus was not just risen, he meets them on the road, and he continues to appear to people even today. In this way, the easter story is not an invitation to know about Jesus but to know Jesus – intimately and personally through the Holy Spirit.

Skip Heitzig, one of my favorite biblical teachers, remarks that Jesus has three basic credentials.[36] First, he has an undeniable impact on history. [37]  He is always mentioned as a altering moment of human history. Secondly, he has fulfilled an impossible amount of prophecy.[38]  There are over 300 messianic texts, that he lives into in some way. Third, there is an undeniable amount of evidence for his resurrection – spiritually and historically.[39] Most world religions are based on the teachings of the philosophy, only four he suggests are built around personalities; Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.[40]  Out of those four, only one has a leader that died and was resurrected.[41] Only Christianity has a resurrected savior. [42]

In this story, the women are alarmed by the heavenly host. One version says that they are dumbfounded.[43] We know that some gospels say there are two angels or heavenly messengers, but Mark only tells us of one, Mark tells us of the one who speaks to the ladies. In fact, they don’t mention it is even an angel in Mark’s account, but rather a young man dressed in white. What we don’t understand is in authentic Jewish literature, angels are normally dressed in white in their description.[44] Perhaps these women did not automatically assume that this figure is an angel; at this time both the priests in the temple and some others also wore white.[45] There are also mentions throughout the scriptures of beings in heaven that might not be angelic but are some other sort of heavenly host. 

The heavenly messengers tell them, “Don’t be alarmed,” he said. The world for alarmed carries with it a sense of amazed fright, or astonishment. They were amazed, astounded amazed, astounded.[46] The messengers replied, “Don’t be amazingly frightened! I feel like angels like to mess with people. They are always telling people to not be scared, knowing they are scary looking, so they tell them “Don’t be scared.” That is like we are showing up and scaring you and saying, “don’t be scared.” You literally just showed up and scared me, of course I am frightened. The reason that they did not want them to be afraid though was, “You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him.”

This is the Easter story. These women, though doubting in that Jesus would be alive, did some things that were important to take note of. They prioritized their worship and honoring of Jesus. The night before they seemingly spent their money on honoring and worshipping Jesus. They didn’t abandon him when things got tough. When everyone else is hiding, they are waking up early in the morning to still seek him. Though they are distracted by their inadequacies, they didn’t forget to look up and see the signs. Even though they were alarmed, they continued to pursue the evidence. Even though they were alarmed, they didn’t shut down. The reason we know about a risen Jesus, is because of the message that these women hear. They are told to go. They are given the challenge to look ahead. Even though the men didn’t believe these women, they were faithful with the task that they were given.

I stopped reading this morning at verse 8. If you are reading out of the New International Version, your bible may have a memo at this point of the scripture passage that says something like this, “the earliest manuscripts and some other ancient witnesses do not have verses 9-20.”[47] The reason for this is because of two of our oldest Greek manuscripts of the narrative of Mark, do not have this section. However, many early church fathers refer to this section. Additionally, it was common in this time for narratives to have multiple copies, making them slightly different for a difference audience. Additionally, at this time there were many other ancient works – well known dramas – that also had sudden endings.[48] It was common to end the story with drama, to make you understand the story before the historical event in which an audience knew. In this case, they were left with the women going on, even in their fear, to share the story. 

If it ends here, in this way, the women leave us with our response to what we do this as those hearing this story. Even in their fear, going, sharing the good news that “He has risen! He is not here!” Though, I suspect the early church or Mark himself adapted this ending for those were outside of this culture that understood abrupt endings. We can trust this extended ending, because it matches the other gospels narratives. 

The women did go, as they were commanded by the heavenly host, and in doing so they became the first preachers, proclaimers and heralders of the good news that “He has risen! He is not here!” The extended ending of Mark tells us “Mary Magdalene…went and told those who had been with him and were mourning and weeping.”[49] As they told the disciples, the extended ending of Mark tells us “they did not believe it.”[50] This is important for us to realize that sometimes we can only be faithful with what we can be faithful with. We can only be faithful to do what God calls us to do. These women were instructed to go on, and to share their testimony, but not to convince the other individuals. It wasn’t their problem that a woman’s word meant squat in that day. It wasn’t their problem that the others did not believe them. Rather, when we are faithful to do what Jesus asks of us, we can rest in knowing he will take care of the rest. After their disbelieving moment, Jesus appears to the eleven, and he not only convinces them, but he rebukes their refusal to believe the women.

Then Jesus gives them the same command he told them he gave them several chapters before. Jesus gave them the same command he gave the women. Go. In fact, they are told “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.”[51] This extended ending of Mark finally ends with a challenge, “Then the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them and confirmed his word by the signs that accompanied it.”[52] Mark’s extended ending is one that should inspire all followers of Jesus to bring about God’s healing and peace in the places that we each live, work, and play. It is our job to go into those places we have been given to be responsible, and to be faithful to our witness of “He has risen!” Our faithful witness by God’s Spirit should look like the inbreaking, counter-reality, work of God’s goodness and good news through the power of the Holy Spirit.

Followers of Jesus have long debated “Why did Jesus die on the cross?” As Theologian Tim Mackie says, “for some, it’s about a sacrifice related to human sin and God’s wrath, mercy, and forgiveness. For others, the focus might be on a cosmic victory, where Jesus’ death in some way defeats death itself. And others might say Jesus had to die, or was sent by God to die, or that Jesus’ death provides the ultimate example of selflessness—a tangible picture of his deep love for us.” These are the debates of what are sometimes called atonement theory. 

About the debates of atonement theories, C.S. Lewis remarks, “The central Christian belief is that Christ’s death has somehow put us right with God and given us a fresh start. Theories as to how it did this are another matter. A good many different theories have been held as to how it works; what all Christians are agreed on is that it does work.”[53]

How Jesus died for us, because of us, in our place, or because of us will continue to be a debate among the scholars. It’s a debate that has split churches and friendships. It is one that has often emerged with new ideas, just in response to ideas no longer held by others. The what this means for usquestion is the most important to ask as a result of this fact. The what this means question is much more important than the how question.

However, Paul answers for us the what this means for us question. In his first letter to the Corinthians, 1 Corinthians 15:1-11, Paul writes;

“Now, brothers and sisters, I want to remind you of the gospel I preached to you, which you received and on which you have taken your stand. By this gospel you are saved, if you hold firmly to the word I preached to you. Otherwise, you have believed in vain. For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve. After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also.. this is what we preach, and this is what you believed.”[54]

Paul points them back to the good news that Jesus has overcome the hold of death and the temptations of life. This is the what this means for me. In pointing them to the Old Testament, Paul points them and us, to a promise in Daniel, to the foretelling of the prophets but also to the Eden story, where death seemingly entered the human experience. 

         In the Eden story, the garden represents a home to God, with God, an image of the Heaven on Earth we pray for in the Lord’s Prayer. [55] It is a place where God and humans are restored and reconciled and sharing in endless, flourishing life, and collaborating together as creation and creator.[56] As one author writes, “Outside the garden, the world still has beauty, goodness, and life but it also has expiration dates.”[57] Jesus’ came and lived the life we live, he died the death that we die, but his resurrection shows that that death no longer holds its grips on us, death no longer is the end, there are no expiration dates and there is a way back into the garden, into the beauty we were created to be. Jesus became a true human and experiences the truth human experiences, he survived the struggles, temptations, and oppressions we all wrestle with – even death – and he overcame them in a way that proves that our way back to God’s presence has been restored.

Jesus’ crucifixion does not easily explain itself, but we know Jesus did this because “God so loved the world that he gave his only and unique Son, so that everyone who trusts in him might have eternal life…For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but rather so that through him, the world might be saved.”[58]

         This is what we celebrate on the Easter story. Brothers and sisters. Death has been disabled. Restored relationship with God and others is now at the center of our lives. Like the women, life will overwhelm us and we will be self-absorbed, but like the women we are called to look up. To worship. To sacrifice. To not abandon. To seek despite our inadequacies. We are called to look on, up ahead, where Jesus will meet us in this life and the next. We are called to go, to be faithful in the places we live, work, and play, carrying the goodness of God, his love, but also the good news, there is a way back into the garden. When we are faithful, God can trust God will show up, show off, and meet our friends, family, and neighbor where they are. This is Easter; a message to suffer with the imprisoned. Now, trusting but also trembling and bewildered, go and free from the tomb. Death is disabled. He is Risen. He is Risen Indeed.



[1] C. S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (New York, NY: Harper Collins, 2001), 53.
[2] C. S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (New York, NY: Harper Collins, 2001), 54.
[3] C. S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (New York, NY: Harper Collins, 2001), 55.
[4] Gumbel, Nicky. Why Jesus? (Naperville, IL: Alpha North America, 2008), 8.
[5] Gumbel, Nicky. Why Jesus? (Naperville, IL: Alpha North America, 2008), 8.
[6] Gumbel, Nicky. Why Jesus? (Naperville, IL: Alpha North America, 2008), 8.
[7] Mark 13:5 (New International Version).
[8] Mark 13:10 (New International Version).
[9] Mark 13:33 (New International Version).
[10] Mark 14:1 (New International Version).
[11] Mark 14:48
[12] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:1.
[13] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:1.
[14] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:1.
[15] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:1.
[16] Complete Jewish Bible, Pg. 1466.
[17] Complete Jewish Bible, Pg. 1466
[18] Complete Jewish Bible, Pg. 5
[19] Genesis 3:10 (Complete Jewish Bible).
[20] Psalm 103:14
[21] Genesis 1:4 (Complete Jewish Bible).
[22] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:2.
[23] John 19:39
[24] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:2.
[25] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:1.
[26] Complete Jewish Bible, Pg. 5
[27] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[28] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:3–4.
[29] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:3–4.
[30] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:3–4.
[31] Matthew 17:20-21
[32] Mark 16:4 (New International Version).
[33] William Barclay, The New Daily Study Bible: The Gospel of Mark, The New Daily Study Bible (Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, 2001), 428–429.
[34] Matthew 6:8 (New International Version).
[35] William Barclay, The New Daily Study Bible: The Gospel of Mark, The New Daily Study Bible (Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, 2001), 429.
[36] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[37] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[38] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[39] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[40] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[41] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[42] See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArtBBYhSBoQ
[43] Mark 19:5 (Complete Jewish Bible).
[44] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:5.
[45] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:5.
[46] Henry George Liddell et al., A Greek-English Lexicon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), 506.
[47] Complete Jewish Bible, Pg.1467.
[48] Craig S. Keener, The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993), Mk 16:6–8.
[49] Mark 16:10 (New International Version).
[50] Mark 16:11 (New International Version).
[51] Mark 16:15 (New International Version).
[52] Mark 16:19 (New International Version).
[53] Mere Christianity, C.S. Lewis
[54] 1 Corinthians 15:1-11 (New International Version).
[55] See: https://bibleproject.com/blog/why-did-jesus-have-to-die-a-question-worth-unpacking/
[56] See: https://bibleproject.com/blog/why-did-jesus-have-to-die-a-question-worth-unpacking/
[57] See: https://bibleproject.com/blog/why-did-jesus-have-to-die-a-question-worth-unpacking/
[58] John 3:16-17 (Complete Jewish Bible).